You wake up sweating and scared. You tormented, chased by zombies, leaving your partner – but all your dreams. You scramble for the light switch, push yourself back to reality.
Research shows that the most frequent recurring dreams in adults is not really terrible, which means that you will dream of becoming endangered (being pursued and / or threatened with injury, for example), alone and trapped (such as elevators), confront the forces of nature (such as tsunami or volcanic eruption) or even something like losing your teeth.
According to Dr Irshaad Ebrahim, MD MRCPsych, Specialist in the Center for Sleep Disorders Sleep neuropsychiatrist Constantia, almost all of us are weak in several stages having nightmares. There are different types and levels of severity.
“If we only consider the attack a dream, one of the most common themes of the nightmare, lifetime prevalence varies varies from 67% to 90%. Pursuit, a, closely related to the theme of which is very annoying, has a lifetime prevalence of 92% in women and 85% of the men, “he said.
Nightmares are classified into different categories:
Recurring dream: Said post-traumatic nightmares, described, with many, very similar version, the experience has not been resolved, such as motor vehicle accidents or war trauma.
Recurring dream: It metaphorically described the conflict or stress from time to time. They are also very unpleasant in nature.
According to Ebrahim, shows people have repeated dreams adaptation measures less successful than anxiety, depression, personal adjustment, and stressful life events than those who are not repeated dream.
Interestingly, if the dreams stopped, and never came back, perhaps reflecting advances in well-being.
Children and nightmares
Be it human or animal alone in the closet, children are prone to nightmares and have them much more often than adults.
. “Deploying increased through the first decade of life and decreases from adolescence to early adulthood example, when the nightmare problem is defined as lasting for more than three months, their prevalence was 24% for ages two to five, 41% for ages six to 10, and 22% to the age of 11. ‘
Although you’re never too old to have nightmares, age is a factor in how often you get them.
“Children, young adults and older adults have nightmares at least once, a prevalence of 30% to 90%, 40% to 60%, and 60% to 68%, respectively.”
Gender is a factor
Abraham noted that in studies of both young men and young people and women, the results showed that girls experience more nightmares.
“Nightmare at the age of 13, the children came out to 25%, compared with girls at 40%. At the age of 16 to 20% of men, while the girls were still at 40%. ‘
He added that this trend continues into adulthood, where the frequency of nightmares of one month or more measured and it was found that 8% of men, compared with 30% of women, is a nightmare.
Nightmares vs nightmares
Is there a point where a nightmare crossing the threshold status nightmare invisible?
Some believe that a bad dream and not a nightmare, woke up the sleeping. “Some researchers have argued that the ‘resurrection’ criteria must be assigned a nightmare, but a waking dream intrusive – otherwise known as a ‘nightmare’ – but it should be considered clinically significant,” Ebrahim said.
“Whether or not people wake up may reflect the severity of emotional dreams, but not the only index of severity,” he said.
Abraham added that there are other factors that also need to be considered.
“First, in patients with various psychosomatic diseases dreams even the most gloomy and unpleasant does not necessarily make a wake.
“Second, less than a quarter of patients with chronic nightmares reported ‘always’ get up from their nightmare, and woke up not related to either the intensity of nightmares or psychological pressure.”
“Third, the subjects in both nightmares and bad dreams, about 45% of the nightmare of emotional intensity that equals or exceeds the average nightmare.”
According to Ebrahim, the researchers therefore come to define nightmare more inclusive with respect to their emotional tone.
“Some researchers have argued that the nightmare may involve unpleasant feelings, opinions that are consistent with patient reports that their nightmare involves many undesirable intensification of emotions, such as sadness or anger. However, fears remain emotional nightmare most frequently reported. ‘
What can be done?
The good news is that if you are suffering from a terrible nightmare, there are several things you can do to stop them and ensure better sleep that night:
Stress: If you are stressed out often helps to talk to friends and family about the problem.
Exercise: A regular fitness routines that focus on cardio exercise will help you sleep better and, hopefully, not dreams.
Relax: Relaxation strategies can help you sleep and reduce stress and anxiety – two major causes of nightmares.
Routine: Try to go to bed at the same time every night and get into the pattern of getting up at the same time.
Avoid sleeping pills: avoid sedative and sleep aid, as well as caffeine and other stimulants, especially before bed.
Check the medicine: Usually nightmare can be a side effect of the drug rather unpleasant not. Call your doctor to find an alternative.
Substance Abuse: Nightmare the most common – and avoidable – with people who abuse alcohol and / or drugs. Users should find a way to get going.
When to seek help
You do not have to fit into any of the above categories, and you have nightmares several times a week or they will prevent you from getting a good night’s sleep, it’s time to seek professional help.
Origin: Dr Irshaad Ebrahim MD MRCPsych, Specialist Sleep Disorders neuropsychiatrist, Constantia Sleep Centre, U.S. National Library of Medicine: